wirelezz blog

waves're in the air everywhere I look around…

Microsoft Buying Nokia? I’ll get some popcorn

leave a comment »


It’s been a while. Hasn’t it?
I was talking to my Marketing Management professor about this topic. I realized how about a year ago I would’ve had such a different point of view for this news than the one I have today. Mostly because I have leaned more towards business, and I take it much more into account than I used to think about some time ago, which were mostly tech related reasons.

Anyhow, it’s always fun to read the great variety of opinions on the net regarding stories like this one. I was impressed on how Forbes undermined the idea of it, not that I’m saying I’m super surprised, but I kinda am. In general, I’ve read some positive criticism and analysis so far.

My personal opinion? I think it is a great opportunity for Microsoft to gain more decision power on the handsets. After all, the biggest players in the market (i.e. Google w/ Android and Apple w/ iOS), which are companies that create the OS for the phones, have got some control over the manufacturing process (Apple creates both the software and the hardware. Google does the same with Android plus the acquisition of Motorla Mobility some time ago).

It’s like a neat way for Microsoft to hop on the manufacturing process by gaining control over the manufacturing process. After all, they just sell the OS (I heard they also sell tablets. I’m not sure yet #sarcasm). What if they want to personalize functionality? As I mentioned above, the other guys are owning manufacturers already.

I look at it as a neat investment that will be useful to fight the war with better weapons: you get more control over the manufacturing process, then you can start winning. But it’s all fun and games until you realize that, as any investment, it can go downhill.

But it’s fine. After all, Nokia still has a big role in 2G networks with the Asha phone that sells like hotcakes in developing countries. On the other hand, albeit it’s lost an important chunk of market share in some Asian countries, just recently, Nokia became the most popular brand in China. So that might serve as a strong foundation, wouldn’t it?.

And there is the foreign cash dilemma. What do you do with all the money you got overseas? What if most of the cash you got was overseas? Well, that’s one “issue” Microsoft has (not that they got so much cash, but that their cash is not in the U.S.). $51 billion out of its $57 billion in cash is stranded. Holy smokes, Batman! looks like they’ve got an issue there for sure, and I think it’s a great idea to invest it somewhere, especially if you can afford it. And no, I don’t think they will ever think in getting that money into the U.S. You know, because keeping the money overseas is much better than paying taxes to get it in here.


Written by Wirelezz

September 5, 2013 at 10:30 am

Posted in Business

Tagged with , ,

Awesome video explaining Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

leave a comment »

I found this video I wanted to share with everyone. Explains the Diffie-Hellman key exchange algorithm pretty awesomely


Written by Wirelezz

October 14, 2012 at 4:00 pm

Posted in etc

Tagged with , , ,


with 2 comments

Although I have left this blog a little unattended for a while, I am taking a chance to write something a little off-topic here yet very important in my life.

I believe that the hard work you put into what you want for your future will someday yield success if you do it right. After one year of hard work (which was in fact two years ago) I finally made it to open a path to continue my studies in the U.S.. It’s been another whole year of preparation, exams and lots of thoughts into this. Tomorrow I will travel to pursuit a Master of Science in Telecommunications in the University of Maryland, College Park, after being granted with a Fulbright scholarship. I could definitely not have done this without the aid of my parents, my friends and of course @johiiis, who has been my support throughout the whole process. Thank you a lot.

There are always costs and sacrifices that have got to be made. In my case (and I’m pretty sure that this is the same for everyone else), it’s about leaving my country, my family and friends to a whole new different day-to-day that might be hard in the beginning, but that will hop onto the bulk of experiences in life.

Let this be a beginning to something great. And let it also be an inspiration for anyone who said once “it’s too hard”. Believe me, it is possible.

Cheers and see you again soon!

Written by Wirelezz

August 11, 2012 at 12:31 pm

Posted in etc

A small lesson about wireless signal loss

leave a comment »

I’ve seen how WLAN professionals folks have stressed the fact that a WLAN has to be properly installed and designed. And it is true. In this post I want to share an small experience with you regarding the importance of NOT underestimating obstacles, interference and so on.

The government entity where I work has been lately providing a small public service outside its main building. For its purpose, a group of technicians installed a small wireless network with a simple wireless (home) router to share a connection with 4 wireless devices. At the time I was called to help, one of the clients could not connect to the internet-hosted web service. This was a little weird since it showed an “Internet connection”, but no real connectivity. They had replaced 2 laptops already, and wondered why would that laptop not connect.

Then I saw this:

That metal entrance door was actually not fully opened, and was “surprisingly” aligned with the router and the client without connection. After relocating the router, the problem was solved.

Then I stopped a moment to remember the many times I have read on twitter how so many WLAN experts always accentuate the importance of correct wireless network planning, which includes all sources of possible interference or signal loss due to obstacles, and extended to other issues that can jeoparize the network reliability.

In this case, the metal door was undoubtedly generating problems to one client. How can someone anticipate this without understanding the very basics of signal degradation and how electromagnetic waves and wireless signals behave.

I think this is a good moment for every person who may have a great technical background on Wireless Networks but not on the physical layer concepts to give it more importance, it could save you A LOT of time.


Written by Wirelezz

July 31, 2012 at 1:10 pm

Posted in etc

Guayaquil goes Wi-Fi

leave a comment »

Juan Pueblo is an allegoric figure and a emblematic character of our city, Guayaquil

Some good news for the fellow citizens interested in Wi-Fi and Wireless Technologies: the City Hall of Guayaquil has started a project called “Guayaquil Digital”, which is essentially the deployment of free Wi-Fi along parks, schools and colleges within Guayaquil, my home city.

From this month, three high schools, three Universities and two near zones will benefit from this project. While the service has a limited backhaul (internet) bandwidth -1 or 2 Mbps-, it’s still enough to cover some of the student needs.

One drawback so far seems to be the number of Access Points that will be installed and thus the complete coverage that they will provide. The Vicente Rocafuerte high school’s rector, for instance, stated that although they have been told that 2 Access Points will be installed, they are not aware of the total coverage that they will provide yet.

This rises up the question of whether a limited internet bandwidth along with a limited number of Access Points will ultimately deliver an appropriate service that will meet the students’ needs or not. Some problems that could arise from this type of installation would be the excessive number of students per Access Point, or an excessive coverage that would give a poor service on far distances, between many others.

My concern is based on what Jaime Nebot, Mayor of Guayaquil, said, a kind of black or white statement: “it’s simple, it works or it doesn’t work. You sit down in your high school or park, open your laptop and if you have a wireless internet connection, it works. If not, it doesn’t”, referring to the fact that in these two-year service contract with Telconet will be continuously evaluated. In the long run, chances are that the number of students using the service will increase are high, and capacity will some day become a bigger concern.

Nonetheless, my overall score for this initiative is positive, and I hope that the City Hall will continue with this project to provide Wi-Fi coverage to other zones within the city.

In Spanish
In English (google translate)

Written by Wirelezz

October 21, 2011 at 11:06 am

Posted in News

Tagged with , , , ,

[Solved] That Atheros AR9285 WLAN Card Problem

with 20 comments

About six months ago, I bought this awesome Samsung laptop at a great price. It’s been working just great, the only problem has been the WLAN card. It’s an Atheros AR9285 802.11a/b/g/n. At the beginning it worked fine, but lately it’s been failing like mad: it randomly loses connectivity from the WiFi network, although Windows stated otherwise.

I quickly thought it should have been a driver issue, so I looked for one that would do the job, and I found it at HP’s support website. Since it’s just a driver, it wouldn’t be a problem, right?

Here is the driver’s link: It’s for an AR9285 WLAN card running under a 64-bit Windows 7 (be sure to read that)

In case you don’t know how to install it, here’s how to:

  1. Extract its contents and then, under network connections, get in the properties of your wlan card
  2. Click on configure
  3. Then click on driver’s tab and then click on update driver
  4. Now click on Browse my computer for driver software.
  5. Click on the “Let me pick from a list…”
  6. Click on “Have a disk” and then click on browse, and search for the netathr.inf file. Then next.
  7. Select AR9285 802.11a/b/g/n from the list, then next. That should install it.

It works great now. It was just a matter of updating the driver, but looking for the right one is a real pain in the neck. Let me know if it works for you too.

Written by Wirelezz

September 17, 2011 at 2:21 pm

Posted in etc

Tagged with , , , , , ,

A Proximity-Aware Transparent Handoff Mobility Scheme for VoWMN (PATH)

with 2 comments

Last year, I dedicated an important part of my work and time at the research center of my University to develop a way to provide fast handoffs within a 802.11s network. This post briefly describes it, named PATH after several attempts to make it sound cool.

Related Work

Most of the inspiration came from a great and interesting project called SMesh, a fast handoff mobility system created by the DSN Labs staff at Johns Hopkins University. One of the people behind the system is @ralucam, who helped me to understand the protocols of this system.

Yet another work that was taken into consideration is LCMIM, which is a Light-weight Client Mobility approach for Infrastructure Mesh networks. It is basically a simpler solution than SMesh but it is somewhat inefficient as it continuosly contends for the medium by broadcasting gARP messages, flooding the channel even though no Client is really using the network and that is bound to be used with a reactive routing protocol, in the case presented in the paper, AODV. The good side is that its nodes maintain independence and that it’s a simpler solution as well.

The PATH scheme

After several months of hard work and going through a learning process, I developed PATH, a Proximity-Aware Transparent Handoff mobility scheme. I should state that it is by no means a solution as complex and complete as SMesh as it only addresses the reversed channel latency issues caused by handoffs, but it certainly is simpler to install, follows a simpler logic and is independent of the type of routing protocol used as well.

The paper that describes its procedures has been recently accepted in INTERCON 2011, in Peru, for publication. I’ve shared the presentation here:

It all went good. It basically sends gARP messages based on client proximity (which is measured by the perceived RSSI on each node), thus associating clients to new nodes and switching its connectivity. Take a read to the presentation!. It should be noted that all three: SMesh, LCMIM and PATH create an infrastructure Mesh Network by setting wireless nodes into adhoc mode. By using this mode, all three schemes do not let the client decide when to roam but leave the responsibility to the network nodes.

It was designed to provide fast handoffs for real-time voice applications. Although it is essentially a work in progress and there are lots of ways to improve the scheme, I had the opportunity to share the results and they were all great 🙂

I will be posting a link to the paper soon!. Hope you like the presentation.

Written by Wirelezz

August 14, 2011 at 11:00 am

Posted in etc

Tagged with , , , , , ,